Saturday, March 21, 2020

Biography of Rebecca Nurse, Salem Witch Trials Victim

Biography of Rebecca Nurse, Salem Witch Trials Victim Rebecca Nurse (February 21, 1621–July 19, 1692) was a victim of the notorious Salem witch trials, hanged as a witch at 71 years of age. Despite being a fervent churchgoer and an upstanding member of the community- a newspaper of the day referred to her as saint-like and a perfect example of good Puritan behavior- she was accused, tried, and convicted of witchcraft and put to death without the legal protections Americans would come to enjoy. Fast Facts: Rebecca Nurse Known For: Hanged during the 1692 Salem witch trialsAlso Known As: Rebecca Towne, Rebecca Town, Rebecca Nourse, Rebecka Nurse. Goody Nurse, Rebeca NurceBorn: February 21, 1621 in Yarmouth, EnglandParents: William Towne, Joanna BlessingDied: July 19, 1692 in Salem Village, Massachusetts Bay ColonySpouse: Francis NurseChildren: Rebecca, Sarah, John, Samuel, Mary, Elizabeth, Francis, Benjamin (and sometimes Michael) Early Life Rebecca Nurse was born on Feb. 21, 1621 (some sources give this as her baptism date), in Yarmouth, England, to William Towne and Joanna Blessing. Her entire family, including several siblings, immigrated to the  Massachusetts Bay Colony  sometime between 1638 and 1640. Rebecca married Francis Nurse, who also came from Yarmouth, around 1644. They raised four sons and four daughters on a farm in Salem Village, now  Danvers, Massachusetts, 10 miles inland from the bustling port community of Salem Town, now Salem. All but one of their children were married by 1692. Nurse, a member of Salem Church, was known for her piety but also for occasionally losing her temper. She and the Putnam family had fought in court several times over land. During the witch trials, many of the accused had been enemies of the  Putnams, and Putnam family members and in-laws were the accusers in many cases. Trials Begin Public accusations of witchcraft in Salem Village began on Feb. 29, 1692. The first accusations were leveled against three women who werent considered respectable: Tituba, an Indian slave; Sarah Good, a homeless mother; and Sarah Osborne, who had a somewhat scandalous history. Then on March 12, Martha Corey was accused; Nurse followed on March 19. Both women were church members and respected, prominent members of the community. Arrested A warrant issued on March 23 for Nurses arrest included complaints of attacks on Ann Putnam Sr., Ann Putnam Jr., Abigail Williams, and others. Nurse was arrested and examined the next day. She was accused by townspeople Mary Walcott, Mercy Lewis, and Elizabeth Hubbard as well as by Ann Putnam Sr., who cried out during the proceedings to accuse Nurse of trying to get her to tempt God and dye. Several spectators adopted head motions indicating that they were in Nurses thrall. Nurse was then indicted for witchcraft. On April 3, Nurses younger sister, Sarah Cloyce (or Cloyse), came to Nurses defense. She was accused and arrested on April 8. On April 21, another sister, Mary Easty (or Eastey), was arrested after defending their innocence. On May 25, judges John Hathorne and Jonathan Corwin ordered the Boston jail to take custody of Nurse, Corey, Dorcas Good (Sarahs daughter, age 4), Cloyce, and John and Elizabeth Parker for acts of witchcraft committed against Williams, Hubbard, Ann Putnam Jr., and others. Testimony A deposition written by Thomas Putnam, signed on May 31, detailed accusations of torment of his wife, Ann Putnam Sr., by Nurses and Coreys specters, or spirits, on March 18 and 19. Another deposition detailed accusations of afflictions on March 21 and 23 caused by Nurses specter. On June 1, townsperson Mary Warren testified that George Burroughs, Nurse, Elizabeth Proctor, and several others said they were going to a feast and that when she refused to eat bread and wine with them, they dreadfully afflicted her and that Nurse appeared in the room during the taking of the deposition. On June 2, Nurse, Bridget Bishop, Proctor, Alice Parker, Susannah Martin, and Sarah Good were forced to undergo physical examinations by a doctor with a number of women present. A preternathurall Excresence of flesh was reported on the first three. Nine women signed the document attesting to the exam. A second exam later that day stated that several of the observed physical abnormalities had changed; they attested that on Nurse, the Excresence ... appears only as a dry skin without sense at this later exam. Again, nine women signed the document. Indicted The next day, a grand jury indicted Nurse and John Willard for witchcraft. A petition from 39 neighbors was presented on Nurses behalf, and several neighbors and relatives testified for her. Witnesses testified for and against Nurse on June 29 and 30. The jury found Nurse not guilty but returned guilty verdicts for Good, Elizabeth How, Martin, and Sarah Wildes. The accusers and spectators protested loudly when the verdict was announced. The court asked the jury to reconsider the verdict; they found her guilty after reviewing the evidence and discovering that she had failed to answer one question put to her (perhaps because she was nearly deaf). She was condemned to hang. Massachusetts Gov. William Phips issued a reprieve, which was also met with protests and rescinded. Nurse filed a petition protesting the verdict, pointing out she was hard of hearing and full of grief. On July 3, the Salem Church excommunicated Nurse. Hanged On July 12, Judge William Stoughton signed death warrants for Nurse, Good, Martin, How, and Wildes. All five were hanged on July 19 on Gallows Hill. Good  cursed the presiding clergyman, Nicholas Noyes, from the gallows, saying if you take away my life God will give you blood to drink. (Years later, Noyes died of a brain hemorrhage; legend has it that he choked on his blood.) That night, Nurses family removed her body and buried it secretly on their family farm. Of Nurses two sisters who also were charged with witchcraft, Easty was hanged on Sept. 22 and Cloyces case was dismissed in January 1693. Pardons and Apology In May 1693, Phips pardoned the remaining defendants accused of witchcraft. Francis Nurse died on Nov. 22, 1695, two years after the trials had ended. That was before Nurse and 21 others of the 33 who had been convicted were exonerated in 1711 by the state, which paid compensation to the families of the victims. In 1957, Massachusetts  formally apologized for the trials, but It wasnt until 2001 that the last 11 of those convicted were fully exonerated. On Aug. 25, 1706, Ann Putnam Jr. publicly apologized for the accusing of several persons of a grievous crime, whereby their lives were taken away from them, whom, now I have just grounds and good reason to believe they were innocent persons... She named Nurse specifically. In 1712, Salem Church reversed Nurses excommunication. Legacy The abuses of the Salem witch trials contributed to changes in U.S. court procedures, including the guarantee of the right to legal representation, the right to cross-examine one’s accuser, and the presumption of innocence instead of guilt. The trials as a metaphor for the persecution of minority groups remained powerful images into the 20th and 21st centuries, particularly in playwright  Arthur Millers The Crucible  (1953), in which he used events and individuals from 1692 allegorically for the anti-communist hearings led by Sen.  Joseph McCarthy  during the  Red Scare  of the 1950s. The Rebecca Nurse homestead still stands in Danvers, the new name of Salem Village, and is open to tourists. Sources Salem Witch Trials: American History. Encyclopedia Britannica.The Witchcraft Trial of Rebecca Nurse. History of Massachusetts blog.An Unexpected Turn in the Trials. The Salem Journal.

Wednesday, March 4, 2020

Famous Quotations About Literature and Writing

Famous Quotations About Literature and Writing We see, enjoy, and criticize the end result of writers work, but theres so much more to these pieces than what the public consumes. After all, millions of books get published every year, joining the vast libraries that have been built up over time, but we regard few as classics, greats or masterpieces. So what makes the difference between just another piece of writing and a literary success? Often, its the writer. Heres a collection of thoughts from world-famous writers on what literature means to them and why they pursued the written word as a means to express themselves. Quotes About Writing and Literature Henry Miller: Develop an interest in life as you see it; the people, things, literature, music-the world is so rich, simply throbbing with rich treasures, beautiful souls, and interesting people. Forget yourself.Ezra Pound: Great literature is simply language charged with meaning to the utmost possible degree.Joseph Heller: He knew everything about literature except how to enjoy it.John Steinbeck: I hold that a writer who does not passionately believe in the perfectibility of man has no dedication nor any membership in literature.Alfred North Whitehead: It is in literature that the concrete outlook of humanity receives its expression.Henry James: It takes a great deal of history to produce a little literature.C. S. Lewis: Literature adds to reality, it does not simply describe it. It enriches the necessary competencies that daily life requires and provides; and in this respect, it irrigates the deserts that our lives have already become.Oscar Wilde: Literature always anticipates life . It does not copy it but molds it to its purpose. The nineteenth century, as we know it, is largely an invention of Balzac. G. K. Chesterton: Literature is a luxury; fiction is a necessity.Virginia Woolf: Literature is strewn with the wreckage of those who have minded beyond reason the opinion of others.Salman Rushdie: Literature is where I go to explore the highest and lowest places in human society and in the human spirit, where I hope to find not absolute truth but the truth of the tale, of the imagination and of the heart.William Somerset Maugham: The crown of literature is poetry.Johann Wolfgang von Goethe: The decline of literature indicates the decline of a nation.Robert Louis Stevenson: The difficulty of literature is not to write, but to write what you mean. Like a Woman Who Gives Herself Without Preference Anatole France: The duty of literature is to note what counts and to light up what is suited to the light. If it ceases to choose and to love, it becomes like a woman who gives herself without preference.E. M. Forster: What is wonderful about great literature is that it transforms the man who reads it towards the condition of the man who wrote.Samuel Lover: When once the itch of literature comes over a man, nothing can cure it but the scratching of a pen. But if you have not a pen, I suppose you must scratch any way you can.Cyril Connolly: While thought exists, words are alive and literature becomes an escape, not from, but into living.

Monday, February 17, 2020

Based off documentary (George) Orwell rolls in his grape Essay

Based off documentary (George) Orwell rolls in his grape - Essay Example There are several examples of the media not engaging in critical thinking throughout this movie. One of the main problems with the current media practices is that media will often report whatever they are told is happening without actually dissecting the context surrounding it. For instance, the media’s current coverage of the protests in New York over Wall Street do very little to unpack the socioeconomic causes of this anger, or the realities of the issue. Instead, they simply either cast the protesters as â€Å"good guys† or â€Å"bad guys† and run a story about how good or bad they are. Likewise, the movie â€Å"George Orwell Rolls in His Grave† shows that the media has a clear agenda that it pursues relentlessly, which is the aggrandizement of media and the protection and expansion of media profits. Media companies have become more and more concentrated into small ownership groups, so there is no real competition in the media market anymore, and whene ver there is a news story about deregulation of the media, the media portrays this as an amazing thing with no downsides because they want to be able to make more profit off of it. There is no way to truly be a critical thinker if you are relentlessly pursuing an agenda, so in this way the media fails to actually engage in critical

Tuesday, February 11, 2020

High School Philosophy Essay Sample - How to Choose the Right One

High School Philosophy Essay Sample - How to Choose the Right OneWhen it comes to writing a high school philosophy essay sample, there are plenty of options. A few topics are becoming more popular with students than others, so you can make a choice as to which one would be best for you. It is important to remember that the topic you choose should relate to philosophy and therefore should be very interesting.I would start by doing a search for the term essay and then click on the first link to find some essays for free. If you have trouble finding these, then you can use the internet to find them. Just type in the phrase essay and then type in a keyword that relates to your topic. You will find that most of the sites will offer their services for free, but if you are having problems finding the ones you need, you can pay to get access to these.There are quite a few other ways that you can get these essay samples free, such as via an essay sample offer. There are many sites that provid e these for free as part of their offering, but if you prefer not to pay for them, then you will need to do a little work in order to find them.You can always find online advertisements for the essays that will be required for high school graduation. Some of them offer the essays free with no strings attached, while others will require payment. Many websites that provide these free offers usually require that you enter a valid email address, which is normally kept secret. This allows the sites to send you essays samples whenever you request them.These online sites are usually considered to be safe as they will never send you spam or other unsolicited offers, so you won't get any letters or packages in the mail. You will always know if you get a free sample essay from these sites as they will include the essay in the package and you will never receive any attachments that are not required. If you sign up for a membership and enter your email address, then you can also choose to recei ve a few emails every day, which will be sent with the samples.When choosing the essays samples you want to use, always make sure that they are of a high quality and that they have been tested for quality by other students before being sent to you. Don't let these samples slip through your fingers and ruin your chance at getting a good grade.Some of the essays samples include questions, which will allow you to take the final exam with these ready to go. The best ones will allow you to fully practice the course material before giving you a final score. Although there is always a chance that you might get a higher score without knowing what the essay was about, but the best ones give you a decent idea of what you will be reading when the exam comes around.

Sample Essay Writing For A TAF

Sample Essay Writing For A TAFWhen you decide to write a sample essay for a TAF, the first thing you must consider is the size of the paper. The size of the paper determines the quality of the paper and the interest of the reviewers and thus the importance of the essay.When you write your sample essay, it is advisable to follow the rules of grammar and punctuation. For this purpose, check your usage of words and sentences in your previous work. If you find that your grammar and punctuation are not well used then there are various other things you can do to improve the quality of your essay. One such thing is to hire a writing assistant.When you write your sample essay for a TAF, the last thing you need is the short paragraph for the conclusion. You can replace this with an essay or a review. Be very clear about the reason for writing your sample essay and write your essay as if it is for a final.In the past, students wrote sample essays after reading the syllabus and other things in their school. They prepared their samples and read them very carefully and wrote them very quickly. This time you must be different.With the passage of time, new samples become available and these samples are interesting. These samples will help you get an idea about the kind of writing you can produce. When you find these samples interesting, you must write your own essay in these samples. If you can follow the examples very closely, you will be able to write your own essay.Before you start writing your sample essay, make sure that you have a template of the sample and you have the necessary elements to the sample. These are as follows. First, you must make a list of the sections in the article and then decide which section you will be discussing and which will include a summary of the entire article.To begin writing your sample essay, you can work on the main idea, which should be different from your whole essay. You can use phrases that are interesting to the readers. You can als o use your imagination to create your own pieces of work. At the end of your article, you should include a brief summary of the main ideas that you have covered in your essay.

How to Write Good Synthesis Essays on Finance

How to Write Good Synthesis Essays on FinanceFinance is one of the areas of study that a lot of students find it difficult to get their head around. This article has listed some of the most popular topic areas in synthesis essays. These include stock market, financial engineering, commodities, bonds, and foreign exchange. If you think you have what it takes to write this type of essay, then you may want to read on.The first topic in this section deals with stock market investing. This includes, allocating risk and holding shares. It covers everything from keeping funds in your brokerage account, to selling stocks, to the present day market price. There are also a lot of other aspects that go into the stock market like stock brokers, various products, money management, risk, currency markets, and more. Even though there are a lot of these subjects covered, it's still important to give a general overview of this topic to make sure that you don't oversimplify things and to make sure tha t it makes sense.The next area that we will cover is the stock market. It's usually the best place to start if you're new to investing. It's hard to know what to invest in since the stock market changes very quickly. That's why it's important to use an investment calculator to figure out what stocks to buy and sell and to make sure that you aren't making mistakes that will cost you a lot of money. There are many more advanced topics like this, but that's one of the more basic ones.Finance is also one of the areas where students tend to get bogged down. Although finance has some of the most basic things in common, there are always a lot of things that students feel they don't understand. Of course, for the average student, this would never be an issue, but for the students that are in high school or college, it can be a big problem. The problem is that when they go to college they are not as familiar with their subject matter, so even though they may be able to write an excellent ess ay on finance, they aren't getting a good grasp of it. To make up for this lack of familiarity, many students take advanced courses in finance like financial economics and quantitative analysis.There are also a lot of books out there that teach you how to do basic funday courses. As well as focusing on stock market investment, these books often concentrate on how finance affects the rest of society. In this case, you would learn how finance affects the economy, how you can use finance to improve the country, and how you can leverage your ability to earn extra income with finance. Because of all the different areas in finance, many students are left wondering whether they should take a finance class.While the above is a very important aspect of finance, it's also an area where students tend to skim over. This is because they know that there are so many things that they don't understand and it seems that they can only learn about so much. That's why these topics are very important, bu t many students don't do as much research in this area as they should. Luckily, there are a few places where you can go to get a lot of great advice in these topics.One of the best places to find good tips on this topic is a forum like a college forums. Most universities have forums in which you can get a lot of free advice and you can even help each other with it. If you want to make sure that you are getting all the knowledge in these topics, these forums are a great way to go.

Essay Topics - How to Write an Excellent Essay for High School Students

Essay Topics - How to Write an Excellent Essay for High School StudentsWriting a good essay for high school students is much easier than you think. It is always important to write something that makes your classmates and parents proud. If you are struggling with this, then it's a good idea to seek the advice of a mentor or teacher. It can also be helpful to keep a daily journal of your thoughts and feelings throughout the day.High school essays can be written in a variety of ways. Some may require a detailed analysis of a single thing or situation. Others may require a chapter or even a whole essay. The key to writing an essay successfully is to keep it interesting and varied. Here are some essay topics to consider.Myths are one of the best essay topics for high school students. All good stories have these and stories do not change, they change people. There are many myths about people that can be used as a story hook. For example, if a school principal was a cheating boyfriend, then that is an excellent subject to use in an essay.Curriculum is another excellent topic. Schools and colleges frequently have curriculum that may not meet all the requirements. It is a good idea to use this as a topic for an essay.Popular subjects that may not be used in an essay are fashion, music, technology, religion, and politics. These subjects may be used as a story hook. It is also important to pick a topic that makes sense to the audience.An interesting way to include a thought in an essay is to make a mental picture of the thought you are thinking. This may sound silly, but it can be effective. It's not necessary to connect the thought to anything, but try to connect the idea tothe work that it pertains to. An example would be to picture a nuclear explosion in the sky and write about how the process of nuclear fission creates atomic energy.Essay topics for high school students are often chosen from conversations that were held during the previous school year. It is usually h elpful to talk to teachers, classmates, and parents about the topics that are on their minds. This is a great way to get opinions and learn about what is best for the students. You can also use these topics as you prepare your essay.